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Complete RNA replication cycles in a Hadean microcompartment

A. Salditt et.al. 2022 Research Square https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1989787/v1

19.09.2022

Annalena Salditt, Leonie Karr, Elia Salibi, Kristian Le Vay, Dieter Braun and Hannes Mutschler

Research Square https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1989787/v1

Abstract

The replication of nucleic acids is a prerequisite for the survival and evolution of living systems. Before the advent of protein synthesis, genetic information was most likely stored on and replicated by RNA. However, experimental systems for sustained RNA-dependent RNA-replication are difficult to realise due to the high thermodynamic stability of duplex products and the low chemical stability of catalytic polynucleotides. Using a derivative of a group I intron as a model for an RNA replicase, we show that heated air-water interfaces exposed to a plausible CO2-rich atmosphere drive complete cycles of plus and minus strand replication. The reaction is driven by autonomous oscillations in salt concentrations and pH that transiently destabilise RNA duplexes. Newly synthesised strands can dissociate from their templates and adopt catalytically active conformations. Our results suggest that an abundant Hadean microenvironment may have promoted the replication of RNAs while maintaining the activity of the synthesised ribozymes.